The relationship between elected and appointed officials constitutes an enduring and important issue both in democratic theory and in the practice and behavior of public administrators. Practitioners and scholars continue to puzzle about this relationship because they have not reached consensus on what is called the proper “meshing” of elected and unelected officials in “an optimal mix” in democratic governance.
The need to understand the relationship better is noted by public administrators , who indicate that , “The founders of representative government expected that the formal arrangements they advocated would somehow induce governments to act in the interests of the people, but they did not know precisely why it would be so. Neither do we today.Public administrators also point out that “politics, policy, and expertise meet uneasily at the top of the bureaucracy.”
The quest for defining the appropriate relationship between elected and appointed officials includes the optimal mix of expertise and technical knowledge with the political preferences developed by elected officials, the discretion appropriate for unelected officials in a democratic government, and the mechanisms to insure that governments will act in the interests of the people. Public administration scholars have developed three models to characterize the relationship between elected and appointed officials in democratic governments: the orthodox politics-administration dichotomy, the modified dichotomy, and partnership models.
One of the most important and enduring theoretical constructs in public administration is the politics-administration dichotomy model. It has been useful for marking off the boundaries of public administration as an intellectual field and for asserting the normative relationship between elected officials and administrators in a democratic society. This model, as many have interpreted it, “remains important as a normative standard in the profession of government management.”
I and others express the view also held by many practitioners that the dichotomy model is useful because it provides a rationale for insulating the practice of public administration from political interference.Muthaura has always been right the only problem is that he is a “regional” man and Odm cant see beyond his region .Dismissing or accepting his experience as a public administrator and a scholar only comes second to his regional origin
The Prime Minister(a politician) cannot be allowed to have Muthaura’s JobJoe Ndungu(MPA)